The Dacians were a branch of Thracians who lived primarily in what is now Romania. Herodotus has a little to tell us about their beliefs (the Greeks called the Dacians the Getae, by the way):
Before arriving at the Ister, the first people whom [Darius, the king of the Persians] subdued were the Getae, who believe in their immortality. The Thracians of Salmydessus, and those who dwelt above the cities of Apollonia and Mesembria- the Scyrmiadae and Nipsaeans, as they are called- gave themselves up to Darius without a struggle; but the Getae obstinately defending themselves, were forthwith enslaved, notwithstanding that they are the noblest as well as the most just of all the Thracian tribes.
The belief of the Getae in respect of immortality is the following.
They think that they do not really die, but that when they depart this life they go to Zalmoxis, who is called also Gebeleizis by some among them. To this god every five years they send a messenger, who is chosen by lot out of the whole nation, and charged to bear him their several requests. Their mode of sending him is this. A number of them stand in order, each holding in his hand three darts; others take the man who is to be sent to Zalmoxis, and swinging him by his hands and feet, toss him into the air so that he falls upon the points of the weapons. If he is pierced and dies, they think that the god is propitious to them; but if not, they lay the fault on the messenger, who (they say) is a wicked man: and so they choose another to send away. The messages are given while the man is still alive. This same people, when it lightens and thunders, aim their arrows at the sky, uttering threats against the god; and they do not believe that there is any god but their own.
Highly ranked Dacians wore beautiful and detailed bracelets. This one dates from the 4th century BCE.
In the 2nd century CE, the Roman emperor Trajan conquered the Dacians and to celebrate his victory, put up a column engraved with battle scenes that still stands in Rome today. Take a look at this detail from it, which shows a warrior fighting with a falx, the Dacian curved knife.
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